Fairs and Festivals: Part of the Culture of India

India is a land of rich tradition and culture. Huge numbers of fairs and festivals are held all round the year and they see participation from a huge number of people. Reflecting the vivacious soul o the country these fairs and festivals occupy a key position in Indian culture and also a very important component of Indian tourism. The traditions and culture of India are appropriately displayed in these festivals.

The fairs and festivals that have become an integral part of Indian culture, are often celebrated during the change of seasons. For instance, Holi and Mewar Festival are celebrated for welcoming the spring season. Teej is celebrated in Rajasthan to signal the onset of the monsoon. Bihu in Assam and Onam in Kerala, on the other hand, are celebrated with high enthusiasm and zest to observe the beginning of the reaping season.

Various others festivals that have become an integral part of the culture of India include the Konark Dance Festival, organized jointly by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India and the Orissa state government. The country is also the home to various other festivals like Eid-ul_Fitr, Durga Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi, Christmas, Vasant Panchami, Rath Yatra, Ram Navami, Janmashtami and others. Many other festivals that have become a part of Indian culture include Nouroz, the Desert Festival at Jaisalmer, Elephant Festival in south India, Diwali, Dussera, Raksha Bandhan etc.

Fairs too are held in huge numbers. People from all over the country as well as from several foreign countries visit these fairs. In fact, many tourists and vacationers plan their holidays in such a way that they can attend these fairs. Some of the well known fairs of India are Pushkar Fair, Surajkund Crafts Fair, Urs Ajmer fair and the winter carnival at Darjeeling. There’s also the colorful carnival at Goa that’s held each year. The Kumbh Mela is one of the most major Hindu festivals and a part or the culture of India. The full Kumbh Mela is held once in 12 years and the half Kumbh Mela is held once in six years.

The festivals and fairs that are an integral part of Indian culture are usually based on the planetary calendar. Through these events, people from all walks of life, cutting across caste, creed, religion and sects come together to have a joyous time. Prayers are offered to the gods and goddesses, religious congregations are held. People indulge in revelry in these festivals and fairs.